А «round table» «Astana – the strategic vector of Kazakhstan», dedicated to the Day of the capital

А «round table» «Astana – the strategic vector of Kazakhstan», dedicated to the Day of the capital

 

On July 3, 2017 at the Museum of Elbassy Library was held a «round table» «Astana – the strategic vector of Kazakhstan», dedicated to the Day of the capital.

The aim of the «round table» is to discuss and analyze the political, socio-economic aspects of the formation of the capital of Kazakhstan Astana, the city's achievements in the international arena, and the exclusive role and initiatives of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan – Elbassy. N.A. Nazarbayev in her development.

The representatives of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan, national cultural centers of Astana, scientists, researchers and experts took part in the work of «round table».

A historical decision of the Head of state to move the capital is very important in the history of independent Kazakhstan. After gaining sovereignty by Kazakhstan it was obvious that the capital of the independent state should answer new criteria. For the first time the President said about moving of the capital in the early nineties of the XX century. It was a hard time for all Post-Soviet states. Later N.A. Nazarbayev in the book «В сердце Евразии» will write: «Despite all the absurdity of this approach, I was increasingly reinforced in the belief that it would be possible to start and continue reforms only if one of the main issues of the construction of a new state put the issue of the new capital».

The first deputy director of the Library of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan – Elbassy Amerkhan Rakhimzhanov in his speech noted: «Today, no one is trying to challenge the thesis that the transfer of the capital was successful project of Kazakhstan and personally the Head of State. The ideas of the transfer of capitals, initiated by the leaders of states, require considerable political volition and courage, because necessity of such decisions is confirmed only after a long time. Today the capital of our country is one of the unique brands of Kazakhstan. This city is appropriate connected with the name of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan. N.A. Nazarbayev’s strong autocracy, his courage, energy and foresight was manifested here».

Amerkhan Rakhimzhanov noted that a «round table» is taking place in the Golden Hall, where in 1998 in this hall the winner of the international competition of the design-idea of Astana construction – japanese architect Kisyo Kurokawa presented to the Head of state his projects. The exposition «Astana is a symbol of unity and independence of Kazakhstan» preserves the integrity of the subject-spatial environment».

The President of the International Association «World through Culture», composer, poet, laureate of the State Prize of the Republic of Kazakhstan, former deputy mayor of Astana Tolegen Mukhamedzhanov recalls: «At the beginning of our independence I was in Paris, visited the Louvre and thought then how it would be good if our boys and girls saw it, how their worldview would change. Years later, for the first time walking through our Water-green boulevard, I suddenly realized that the Louvre – we have. Now we have places in the city where we can educate our children. They will be different, better than us, because they see this beauty and the world completely another eyes».

The deputy of the Mazhilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan, candidate of political sciences Sapar Akhmetov in his speech noted that the transfer of the capital gave a powerful impetus to the economic development of the city.

Convenient location in the center of the Eurasian continent makes Astana an economically advantageous transport, communication and logistics center, a singular transit bridge between Europe and Asia.

The creative director of the architectural firm «SA Architects», the honorable architect of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Professor Vasily Toskin, his speech devoted to the tasks and problems which stood before the State Commission of the Republic of Kazakhstan for the redeployment of higher and central state bodies in Akmola. He worked as a member of the state commission from 1995 to 2000. The President of Kazakhstan adopted Decrees that reforming the tax legislation of the republic and promote the flow of new investment flows into the city's infrastructure with the submission of the Commission. In addition, the transfer to the new capital of the highest authorities was possible quickly enough. The professor of the design department of the architectural faculty of the Kazakh agrotechnical university named after S. Seifullin, professor Amanjol Chikanaev drew attention to the features of designing the general plan of Astana.

The speech of the director of the Archeology Research Institute named after K.A. Akishev of the ENU named after L.N. Gumilev, candidate of historical sciences Maral Khabdulina devoted to ancient history of Astana. Archaeological research confirms that «the most ancient evidence of human habitation here refers to the stone age» «Since 1997, the Esil archaeological expedition of the ENU named after L.N. Gumilev is conducted archaeological researches on the territory of Astana and the Akmola region. The town of Bozok (7th-16th centuries) is the largest object of the study, on the Sygnak Avenue was excavated the Sygnak temple-sanctuary, in the Kuigenjar tract, burial mound of the Bronze Age and mound of the Early Iron Age were analysed» - noted Maral Khabdulina. Architects shall take into account the archaeological sites and inscribe them on the main axis of the capital's development: the past (Bozok), the present (central square with Ak-Orda), the future (campus).

Executive Director for Science of JSC «Kazakhstan Center for Public-Private Partnerships», candidate of economic sciences Azamat Nursetov in his speech noted, еhat Astana has become a donor of the republican budget since 2015, having transferred 900 billion tenge: «This is only the first step. I think, on the development of the city's economy, it can grow. Accordingly, in GDP, the share of Astana is 10%. Astana becomes an international city, attracts the attention of tourists within the framework of EXPO. Small and medium-sized business are the most attractive industries for Astana. These are services, industry, logistics. Considering that transport corridors connecting the West and with the East and South with the North will pass through Astana. The task is to connect Astana with the regional centers of the country within the framework of the «Nurly zhol» program. It is now conducting work».

The deputy director of the Library of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan – Elbassy, candidate of political sciences Timur Shaymergenov in his speech noted that the capital today demonstrates to the whole world the potential of a new, self-confident Kazakhstan. An exceptional role in the creation of Astana belongs to the First President of the country N.A. Nazarbayev.

The deputy directors of the Elbassy Library, candidates of historical sciences Kulyaysha Aktaeva and Botagoz Kaipova their reports dedicated to the creative and future-oriented concept of the capital construction.

The chairman of the Astana city branch of the Republican public association «Organization of veterans», candidate of economic sciences Sansyzbay Yesilov shared with his memories during the round table.

In the course of the discussion the participants of the «round table» came to unanimous opinion that Astana is an inspiring symbol of unity, solidarity, faith in our own strength, incredible opportunities of our people. In our capital reflected the fundamental changes that occurred in our state, economy and society during the years of Independence.